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有声:瑞典订电影性別平等评级制度

2013-11-11    来源:CRI    【重庆时时彩五星定胆      美国外教 在线口语培训

本文地址:http://www.yeidj.com.cn/html/radio/hotspot/20131111/78406.html
文章摘要:有声:瑞典订电影性別平等评级制度,绝食环烷酸其美,问我为什鱼龙变化匠心独运。

《热点大家议》是一档针对时事新闻展开讨论的节目,有专家犀利的点评,也有广大网友的热议。大家也可以评论参与互动,说说自己的看法。(嘉宾讨论为泛听,不提供文本)

You're listening to Today, I'm Xu Qinduo with Paul James in the Global Talk.
With Online Unleashed, here's Primrose Riordan.

瑞典订电影性別平等评级制度
Sweden cinema gender rating

瑞典斯德哥尔摩的4家电影院在10月联手推动新计划,提出电影评级办法,衡量上映电影是符合性別平等的最低要求,这项做法在瑞典引起激烈争论。

这项评级制度将「贝克德尔测验」(Bechdel test)引入电影,通过测验的可获得A级评价。这项测验有3项衡量指标:至少出现2位有名有姓的女角、这两位女角要有对话、对话內容不是围绕着某位男性。

对此,你怎么看?

Sweden is set to start rating films by gender bias.
The new system will rate films with more female characters who talk to each other about topics other than men, higher.
The system has been dubbed the Bechdel test after US cartoonist Alison Bechdel.
Four cinemas in the country have already launched the test and state funded Swedish Film Institute has come out to publicly endorse it.

An anonymous commentator on Verge.com says:
This makes no sense. Many of the greatest movies I've ever seen won't pass this test, since there's no women in the story. For example, Das Boot, a movie about a bunch of seamen doesn't have any meaningful female characters.

Swedish film critic Hynek Pallas on the guardian agrees by saying:
"There are far too many films that pass the Bechdel test that don't help at all in making society more equal or better, and lots of films that don't pass the test but are fantastic at doing that,"

Leagle_Egal arguing this misses the point by saying on reddit.com:
"The test, as it's used now, is not meant to show whether or not a single movie is sexist or under represents women. It's supposed to show how women are underrepresented in the industry as a whole.

mmph19 on theguardian.com says:
"When I was a teacher I noticed stories were not of much interest to the most male students if the central characters were female. On the other hand, female students were just as engaged regardless of the gender. Why? I suspect that it has to do with the relationship each of us has to power. Even in fiction readers are more interested in characters if they assume will be able to affect change or be the 'heros' in the final outcome. Writers write to be read, publishers publish to make sales and readers read what is in their domain. So if male protagonists seem to be the norm, it confirms the belief that males have more power than females."

DanoX says this is all about sticking it to Hollywood on verge.com:
"These days Hollywood is stealing or borrowing a lot of modern Scandinavian TV shows and movies. Most of these stories involve strong women compared to American productions. Most of these stories date back to Viking times. Maybe Scandinavians are fed up with crappy American productions."

Another commentator also on verge.com says:
"See while this is all well and good, a movie passing test doesn't mean that females won't be portrayed in a manner that doesn't enforce negative gender stereotypes. To grade a movie solely on the Bechdel test doesn't seem thorough enough, and most of my feminist friends would agree."

Thanks, Primrose.
Up next, scientists find out when to schedule in your caffeine intake.
This is 'Today'.

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