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新视野大学英语 读写教程第三册 unit6-c

2011-07-29    来源:网络    【重庆时时彩五星定胆      普特网校:美国外教1对1

本文地址:http://www.yeidj.com.cn/html/course/classicNewHorizons3/20110729/35207.html
文章摘要:新视野大学英语 读写教程第三册 unit6,连败索赔案设计人员,昏定晨省凝成除眼袋。

新概念| 重新定义经典英语教材

Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

We recently participated in an environmental fair atthe Mall (购物中心) of America inBloomington,Minnesota, the largest indoor shoppingcenter in America. After speaking with thousands ofparents,children and teachers, we were alarmed atthe public's wealth of environmental ignorance.

We were equally annoyed that all of what we heardwas so superficial, and based on such a shallowunderstanding of today's true environmentalproblems. Here are five examples.

One: Recycling (回收利用) is the key.

Actually, recycling is one of the least important things we can do, if our real objective is topreservenatural resources.

Remember the phrase "reduce, reuse and recycle"? Reduce comes first for a good reason: It'sbetternot to create waste than to have to figure out what to do with it. And the production ofrecycled items,like the production of any other form of manufactured goods, requires energyand other resourceswhile creating pollution.

Rather, we need to make products more durable, lighter, more energy efficient and easier torepairrather than to replace. Finally, we need to reduce and reuse packaging.

Two: Garbage will bury us.

The original garbage crisis occurred when people first settled down to farm and could nolonger leavetheir places after their garbage grew too deep. Since then, every society has had tofigure out what todo with its waste — something that is usually unhealthy, smelly, and ugly —throwing garbage in thestreets, piling it up just outside of town, building it into structures orsimply setting it on fire.

Today we can design history's and the world's safest recycling facilities, garbage dumps andfacilitiesfor burning rubbish. America even has too much garbage dump capacity, thanks tothe fact that wehave been building large regional dumps to replace older, smaller local dumps.

The problem is political. No one wants to spend money on just getting rid of garbage or to haveagarbage site in the backyard. The obvious solution is to stop generating so much garbage inthe firstplace. Doing so requires both the knowledge and the self-discipline to use less energyand do more withless stuff.

Three: Industry is to blame.

No, it's all people's fault. Certainly industry has played a significant role in destroying naturalareas,generating pollution and using up resources. But we are the ones who signal tobusinesses that whatthey are doing is okay — every time we buy their products.

And don't just blame industrial societies. In his recent book Earth Politics, Ernst UlrichvonWeizsacker wrote that "perhaps 90 percent of the destruction of animal and plant species,soil erosion,forest destruction and creation of deserts is taking place in developing countries."Thus, even non-industrialized, poor economies are creating environmental disasters.

Four: The earth is in danger.

In reality, the earth doesn't need to be saved. Nature doesn't care if human beings are here ornot.

The planet has survived major changes for millions upon millions of years. Over that time, it iswidelybelieved, 99 percent of all species have come and gone, while the planet has remained.

Saving the environment is really about saving our environment — making it safe forourselves, ourchildren and the world as we know it. If more people saw the issue as one ofsaving themselves, wewould probably see increased support and commitment to actually doingsomething.

Five: Americans are wasting more.

The myth has it that Americans consume too much, since the creation of solid waste perpersoncontinues to climb. Each person generates about 4.4 pounds of garbage a day — anumber that has seensteady growth. The assumption is that we are unstoppable in our desireto consume.

In reality, increases in solid waste are based largely on the mathematics of households,notindividuals. That is because regardless of the size of a household, certain necessaryactivities andpurchases generate trash.

As new households form, they create additional garbage. Think about a couple going throughadivorce. Once there was one home. Now there are two. Building that second house orapartment usedlots of resources and created lots of construction rubbish.

Where once there was one set of furniture, one washing machine and one refrigerator, nowthere aretwo of all these things. Each refrigerator contains milk bottles, meat containers andpackages of mixedvegetables. Each cupboard contains cereal boxes and canned goods.

The government's official numbers tell this story: From 1972 to 1987, the US population grewby 16percent, while the number of households grew by 35 percent. Solid waste created intowns and citiesincreased by 35 percent, too.

If Americans were really creating more trash by spoiling ourselves with a lot of unnecessaryitems,we would be spending more on trash-generating items: non-durable goods like food andbeautyproducts. These all generate lots of garbage, since they are used and discarded quickly,along with theirpackaging. But household money spent for non-durable goods actuallydeclined slightly from 1972 to1987.

Yes, the earth's resources are not infinite; natural areas are being destroyed; the number ofplantand animal species is declining; consumption of resources is expanding. But we must beless willing toaccept superficial, theoretical announcements of right and wrong, cause andeffect. To truly change theworld for the better, we need more facts, not simply more faith.

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